effects of surface mining on ground water quality

effects of surface mining on ground water quality

Effects of Surface Mining on Ground Water Quality

Effects of Surface Mining on Ground Water Quality by Henry Rauch Nature of Ground‐water pollution by surface mining Ground water is becoming a major concern with respect to surface mining of coal in both West Virginia and the nation's other coal fields. Two major concerns are ground‐water quality and ground‐water quantity, but only the ...

Impact of Mining on Ground and Surface Waters

surface reliefs are rocked, and so on. One of the major effects of mining is its impact on ground and surface waters. This, along with other disturbances, make the ecosystem to meet with grevious consequences. The impact of mining on ground water may be considered under the fo11owing areas: a) Lowering of water table b) Subsidence

EFFECTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION ON

The effects of surface mining on ground water have been a matter of concern ever since surface mining became widespread around the middle of the twentieth century. Ground-water quality is of major concern because it is a primary determinant of the water quality of base flow in streams, and

Impacts from surface mining on ground-water system: A ...

Groundwater impacts from a surface lignite mine in east-central Texas have been predicted and monitored since 1974. Minimal impacts on groundwater quantity and quality were predicted. Because aquifers in the mine area have very low permeabilities, volumes of groundwater to dewatering pits and reclaimed spoils were expected to be small.

Long-term effects of surface coal mining on ground-water ...

Two small watersheds in eastern Ohio that were surface mined for coal and reclaimed were studied during 1986-89. Water-level and water-quality data were compared with similar data collected during previous investigations conducted during 1976-83 to determine long-term effects of surface mining on the hydrologic system. Before mining, the watersheds were characterized by sequences of flat-lying ...

Mining and Water Quality - USGS

The acid runoff further dissolves heavy metals such as copper, lead, mercury into groundwater or surface water. The rate and degree by which acid-mine drainage proceeds can be increased by the action of certain bacteria. Acidic, metal-laden drainage from abandoned coal mines can have substantial effects on aquatic resources.

(PDF) Impact of Mining Activity on Water Resource : An ...

Feb 01, 2016  The impact of mining on surface and groundwater is due to spill/tailing, erosion, sedimentation, acid mine drainage, lowering of water table, subsidence, disturbance on

Impact of mining activities on ground water quality status ...

Impact of mining activities on ground water quality status, Dareta Village, Zamfara, Nigeria ... followed by burial of the contaminated surface soil in land fill which may have far reaching consequences on the ground water quality. Water sample collected from

Mining and Water Pollution — Safe Drinking Water Foundation

Dec 17, 2016  Mining can deplete surface and groundwater supplies. Groundwater withdrawals may damage or destroy streamside habitat many miles from the actual mine site. In Nevada, the driest state in the United States of America, the Humboldt River is being drained to benefit gold mining operations along the Carlin Trend.

Impacts from surface mining on ground-water system: A ...

Groundwater impacts from a surface lignite mine in east-central Texas have been predicted and monitored since 1974. Minimal impacts on groundwater quantity and quality were predicted. Because aquifers in the mine area have very low permeabilities, volumes of groundwater to dewatering pits and reclaimed spoils were expected to be small.

Read "Surface Coal Mining Effects on Ground Water Recharge ...

CONTROL OF ADVERSE EFFECTS OF COAL SURFACE MINING ON GROUND WATER QUALITY All three phases of coal surface mining--pre-mining exploration, active mining, and post-mining reclamation--can potentially have negative impacts on ground water quality.

Changes in the groundwater due to surface mining ...

Open-cast mining operations conducted below groundwater table often affect the drawdown of the water table over large areas which as a consequence changes the natural regional hydrological balance. Remedial measures may include construction of new water intakes, and changes in the land usage may be necessary. Tipping of wastes (most often coal wastes and ashes) affects ground water pollution.

Effects of Surface Mining and Residential Land Use on ...

waterbodies and provide high quality water for downstream uses (Yoder et al. 2000, Wallace and Meyer 2001). Although state and federal regulatory requirements to protect water quality exist, impacts to streams due to surface mining are still common and widespread. Surface mining impacts streams

Long-term effects of surface coal mining on ground-water ...

Long-term effects of surface coal mining on ground-water levels and quality in two small watersheds in eastern Ohio / by William L. Cunningham and Rick L. ...

(PDF) Impacts of mining on water resources in South Africa ...

Impacts of mining on water resources in South Africa: A review ... to be a global concern due to variable impacts on the quality of surface water and groundwater. ... were associated with ...

What affects the quality of surface and groundwater ...

Material adapted from: Vandas, S.J., Winter, T.C., and Battaglin, W.A. 2002. Water and the Environment, p. 42-44. Published by the American Geosciences Institute Environmental Awareness Series. Click here to download the full handbook. Many factors affect the quality of surface and groundwater. Water moving over or under the land surface can undergo physical and chemical

Chapter 4 Fossil Fuels and Water Quality

Oil and gas exploration Impact on shallow groundwater quality Water for drilling, com-pletion, and fracturing Oil and gas production Produced water can affect surface and groundwater Large volume of pro-duced, impaired water Coal and uranium mining Tailings and drainage can affect surface water and groundwater Mining operations can

Groundwater Decline and Depletion - USGS.gov

Feb 06, 2019  Groundwater is a valuable resource both in the United States and throughout the world. Where surface water, such as lakes and rivers, are scarce or inaccessible, groundwater supplies many of the hydrologic needs of people everywhere.In the United States, it is the source of drinking water for about half the total population and nearly all of the rural population, and it provides over 50 ...

Impacts of mining - SlideShare

Jan 15, 2018  Impacts of mining 1. Yuiyo shishak [email protected] 2. Introduction Surface mining Underground mining Environmental impacts of mining Acid mine drainage Impacts on air quality Heavy metal contamination Erosion and sedimentation Other effects Social impacts of mining Conclusion Reference

Control of groundwater in surface mining SpringerLink

The presence of groundwater in surface mining operations often creates serious problems. The most important is generally a reduction in stability of the pit slopes. This is caused by pore water pressures and hydrodynamic shock due to blasting which reduce the shear strength and seepage pressures, water in tension cracks and increased unit weight which increase the shear stress.

Multi-Disciplinary Approach for Surface Mining Effects on ...

Abstract : Ground water is becoming a major concern with respect to surface mining. Two major concerns are ground‐water quality and ground‐water quantity, but only the quantity aspects are addressed in this paper. Mining exerts pressure on environment at many stages such as exploration, extraction, processing, and post closure operations.

The Problem of Water Table Rebound After Mining Activity ...

Jan 01, 1981  Mining activity has a great effect on the hydrogeology of an area, and it also interferes with the natural surface water hydrology. In a temperate climate such as that of the United Kingdom, there is constant recharge of the saturated zone by infiltration from the surface. Mining has to be accompanied by pumping to remove the excess groundwater.

Surface mining - Wikipedia

Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.. Surface mining began in the mid-16th century [dubious ...

Impacts from surface mining on ground-water system: A ...

Groundwater impacts from a surface lignite mine in east-central Texas have been predicted and monitored since 1974. Minimal impacts on groundwater quantity and quality were predicted. Because aquifers in the mine area have very low permeabilities, volumes of groundwater to dewatering pits and reclaimed spoils were expected to be small.

Multi-Disciplinary Approach for Surface Mining Effects on ...

Abstract : Ground water is becoming a major concern with respect to surface mining. Two major concerns are ground‐water quality and ground‐water quantity, but only the quantity aspects are addressed in this paper. Mining exerts pressure on environment at many stages such as exploration, extraction, processing, and post closure operations.

Overview of Long‐Term Effects of Surface Coal Mining on ...

Overview of Long‐Term Effects of Surface Coal Mining on Ground‐Water Levels and Quality in Two Small Watersheds in Eastern Ohio William L. Cunningham U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Division Columbus, Ohio. Two small watersheds in eastern Ohio that have been surface mined and reclaimed were studied during 1986‐1989.

Long-term effects of surface coal mining on ground-water ...

Long-term effects of surface coal mining on ground-water levels and quality in two small watersheds in eastern Ohio / by William L. Cunningham and Rick L. ...

Effects of Surface Mining and Residential Land Use on ...

waterbodies and provide high quality water for downstream uses (Yoder et al. 2000, Wallace and Meyer 2001). Although state and federal regulatory requirements to protect water quality exist, impacts to streams due to surface mining are still common and widespread. Surface mining impacts streams

Resource Impact Summary - Office of Surface Mining ...

quality (e.g., pH, selenium, total dissolved solids) within watershed. Potential for adverse and beneficial impacts to groundwater quality and quantity (contamination and well loss). Stream restoration, landforming, fill design : changes, and reforestation : requirements; indirect effects of changes in mining activity. 8 stream miles not filled;

What affects the quality of surface and groundwater ...

Material adapted from: Vandas, S.J., Winter, T.C., and Battaglin, W.A. 2002. Water and the Environment, p. 42-44. Published by the American Geosciences Institute Environmental Awareness Series. Click here to download the full handbook. Many factors affect the quality of surface and groundwater. Water moving over or under the land surface can undergo physical and chemical

Control of groundwater in surface mining SpringerLink

The presence of groundwater in surface mining operations often creates serious problems. The most important is generally a reduction in stability of the pit slopes. This is caused by pore water pressures and hydrodynamic shock due to blasting which reduce the shear strength and seepage pressures, water in tension cracks and increased unit weight which increase the shear stress.

Chapter 4 Fossil Fuels and Water Quality

Oil and gas exploration Impact on shallow groundwater quality Water for drilling, com-pletion, and fracturing Oil and gas production Produced water can affect surface and groundwater Large volume of pro-duced, impaired water Coal and uranium mining Tailings and drainage can affect surface water and groundwater Mining operations can

Groundwater Decline and Depletion - USGS.gov

Feb 06, 2019  Groundwater is a valuable resource both in the United States and throughout the world. Where surface water, such as lakes and rivers, are scarce or inaccessible, groundwater supplies many of the hydrologic needs of people everywhere.In the United States, it is the source of drinking water for about half the total population and nearly all of the rural population, and it provides over 50 ...

The public health impacts of surface coal mining ...

Dec 01, 2015  The impact of mining on surface waters raises questions of impacts on biota in those waters. ... Ground-water quality in unmined areas and near reclaimed surface coal mines in the northern and central Appalachian coal regions, Pennsylvania and West Virginia.

Protecting Groundwater at Metallic Mining Sites

impacts to groundwater quality. If impacts were found to exceed the standards prescribed in State mining and groundwater quality regulations, the proposed disposal site would be found unfeasible for development. Such studies would be conducted by technical consultants hired by the applicant, and reviewed by the Department.

Mining Texas Groundwater Protection Committee

Surface mining requires groundwater monitoring at many stages. Groundwater monitoring, both sampling for water-quality analysis and measurement of water level, is required for one year on a quarterly basis for the baseline information that is submitted with the initial permit application. ... Groundwater impacts related to the initial and ...

Surface Mining Texas Groundwater Protection Committee

Surface mining requires groundwater monitoring at many stages. Groundwater monitoring, both sampling for water-quality analysis and measurement of water level, is required for one year on a quarterly basis for the baseline information that is submitted with the initial permit application. ... Groundwater impacts related to the initial and ...